4000 Essential English Words 2 Unit 12: The Mean Chef
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- abuse [əˈbjuːz] v.
To abuse someone or something means to hurt them on purpose.
→ The mean man abused his dog when it barked too loudly.
- afford [əˈfɔːrd] v.
To afford something means you have enough money to pay for it.
→ I’ve been saving my money, so I can afford to buy a new bike.
- bake [beɪk] v.
To bake means to cook food with heat.
→ My sister is a good cook. She bakes delicious cakes.
- bean [bi:n] n.
A bean is a plant seed that is good to eat.
→ There are many different kinds of beans to eat.
- candle [ˈkændl] n.
A candle is a stick of wax that is lit on fire for light or heat.
→ When the lights went out, we lit some candles.
- convert [kənˈvəːrt] v.
To convert something means to change it into something else.
→ The man converted his messy field into a garden of flowers.
- debt [det] n.
A debt is an amount of money that a person owes.
→ I have not paid my gas bill. I owe a debt to the gas company.
- decrease [ˈdiːkriːs] v.
To decrease something is to make it less than it was before.
→ Hiring more police officers has decreased crime in the city.
- fault [fɔːlt] n.
A fault is a mistake.
→ It is my fault that the cat ran away. I left the door open.
- fund [fʌnd] n.
A fund is an amount of money that people have.
→ We all put money into our club’s fund.
- generous [ˈdʒenərəs] adj.
When someone is generous, they like to give things to people.
→ The generous man donated several new computers to our school.
- ingredient [ɪnˈgriːdɪənt] n.
An ingredient is something that is part of a food dish.
→ The main ingredients in cake are eggs, sugar and flour.
- insist [ɪnˈsɪst] v.
To insist means to be firm in telling people what to do.
→ I insist that you try some of these cookies.
- mess [mes] n.
A mess is a condition that is not clean or neat.
→ Heather’s room was a complete mess.
- metal [ˈmetl] n.
Metal is a strong material people use to build things.
→ Steel is a common metal that is used to build buildings.
- monitor [ˈmɒnɪtər] v.
To monitor people or things is to watch them closely.
→ The teacher monitors the students when they take tests.
- oppose [əˈpəʊz] v.
To oppose something means to dislike it or act against it.
→ I want to be a police officer because I oppose
- passive [ˈpæsɪv] a.
If a person is passive, they do not take action to solve problems.
→ Marcie is so passive that she never solves her own problems.
- quantity [ˈkwɒntətɪ] n.
A quantity is a certain amount of something.
→ I have a small quantity of milk in my glass.
- sue [su:] v.
To sue someone is to take them to court for something wrong they did.
→ I sued the company after I slipped on a banana peel in their hallway.