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4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 2: The Helpful Abbey

4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 2: The Helpful Abbey

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Word List

  • abbey [ˈæbi] n. 

An abbey is a house or group of houses where monks or nuns live.

 When the monk returned to the abbey, he went immediately to his bedroom.

  • abundant [əˈbʌndənt] adj. 

If something is abundant, then it is available in large quantities.

 Cakes, cookies, and candy were so abundant that the child was very happy.

  • adjoin [əˈdʒɔin] v. 

To adjoin something means to be next to or attached to something else.

 She can listen to her brother’s conversations because her room adjoins his.

  • ample [ˈæmpl] adj. 

If something is ample, then it is enough or more than enough.

 There was an ample supply of oats to feed the horses.

  • arid [ˈærid] adj. 

If a place is arid, then it is hot and dry and gets very little or no rain.

 Not many plants grow in the arid desert.

  • cathedral [kəˈθiːdrəl] n. 

cathedral is an important and often large and beautifully built church.

 The large cathedral is full of people on Sunday mornings.

  • deprive [diˈpraiv] v. 

To deprive someone of something means to not let them have it.

 Because the child was bad, she was deprived of her dessert after dinner.

  • drought [draut] n. 

drought is a long period of time in which little or no rain falls.

 After three months of drought, the vegetation and trees started dying.

  • eligible [ˈelidʒəbəl] adj. 

If someone is eligible, then they are permitted to do or have something.

 Only people who bought tickets were eligible to win a prize.

  • fast [fæst] v. 

To fast means to go without food or drink for a period of time.

 In her religion, they fast for five days and then have a big feast.

  • grumble [ˈgrʌmbəl] v. 

To grumble means to complain.

 He grumbled about having to work late on Friday.

  • inland [ˈinlənd] adv. 

If someone goes inland, they travel into the center of a country or land.

 The river curved inland near the campground.

  • moisture [ˈmɔistʃər] n. 

Moisture is small drops of water in the air or on a surface.

 If you breathe on a window, moisture from your breath collects on the glass.

  • nonetheless [ˌnʌnðəˈles] adv. 

If something happens nonetheless, then it occurs despite some other thing.

 She tried to keep the dog out of the mud, but it got dirty nonetheless.

  • oath [ouθ] n. 

An oath is a formal, often public, promise.

 Judges must take an oath to be fair to everyone in court.

  • prairie [ˈprɛəri] n. 

prairie is a large flat area of grassland.

 The prairie was perfect for a farm because there were hills and trees.

  • ragged [ˈrægid] adj. 

If something is ragged, then it is old, torn, and falling apart.

 They could see his toes through the holes in his ragged shoes.

  • rugged [ˈrʌgid] adj. 

If an area of land is rugged, then it is rocky and difficult to travel through.

 Their car couldn’t make it far along the rugged roads.

  • scarce [ˈskɛə:rs] adj. 

If something is scarce, then it is in a very small amount.

 When gasoline was scarce, we rode our bikes, instead of driving, to school.

  • speculate [ˈspekjəleit] v. 

To speculate means to guess about something.

 My sister looked at the sky and speculated that it would rain tomorrow.

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