4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 3: The Bachelor’s Lesson
- analytic [ˌænəˈlitik] adj.
If something is analytic, it is related to logic and reasoning.
→ The analytic article criticized the new plan and presented one of its own.
- assert [əˈsəːrt] v.
To assert a fact or belief means to state it with confidence.
→ He asserted that his mother’s cooking was better than his best friend’s.
- bachelor [ˈbætʃələr] n.
A bachelor is an unmarried man.
→ Since he was a bachelor, Jason did his shopping by himself.
- calculus [ˈkælkjələs] n.
Calculus is an advanced type of mathematics.
→ By using calculus, scientists determined small changes in the stars’ brightness.
- celestial [səˈlestʃəl] adj.
If something is celestial, it is related to the sky or to outer space.
→ Comets are celestial objects that are rarely seen.
- cognitive [ˈkɒgnətiv] adj.
If something is cognitive, it is related to learning and knowing things.
→ After her physical examination, her cognitive strengths were tested.
- collision [kəˈliʒən] n.
A collision is the act of two things hitting into each another.
→ The collision between the two cars created a loud noise.
- competent [ˈkɒmpətənt] adj.
If someone is competent, they are able to think or act successfully.
→ Competent employees are much better than unknowledgeable ones.
- diploma [diˈploumə] n.
A diploma is a certificate proving that someone has completed their studies.
→ After four years of college, Mary finally had a diploma.
- excel [ikˈsel] v.
To excel at a subject or activity means to be very good at it.
→ Jenny excels at playing the piano.
- geology [dʒiˈɒlədʒi] n.
Geology is the study of the Earth’s natural structures and how they change.
→ Because he studied geology, he knew how the mountains were formed.
- harness [ˈhɑːrnis] v.
To harness something means to control and use it, usually to make energy.
→ The sails harness the wind in order to move.
- intellect [ˈintəlekt] n.
An intellect is a person’s ability to understand things easily.
→ She was known for her quick and strong intellect as well as her beauty.
- keen [kiːn] adj.
If someone is keen, they are intelligent.
→ Only the keenest of students could have solved that math problem.
- mythology [miˈθɒlədʒi] n.
Mythology is a group of stories from a particular country or region.
→ Egyptian mythology was the basis for a religion.
- physiology [ˌfiziˈɒlədʒi] n.
Physiology is the study of the various parts of living things.
→ His work in physiology helped him understand how the human body works.
- radioactive [reidiouˈӕktiv] adj.
If something is radioactive, then it lets out, or is related to, radiation.
→ Radioactive materials can be very bad for anyone’s health.
- relativity [ˌreləˈtivəti] n.
Relativity is a set of ideas about time and space developed by Albert Einstein.
→ Relativity teaches that light travels at the same speed in the universe.
- sociology [ˌsousiˈɒlədʒi] n.
Sociology is the study of human society, its organizations, and problems.
→ Sociology teaches that people’s problems are a result of their society.
- theoretical [θiəˈretikəl] adj.
If something is theoretical, it is based on theory rather than experience.
→ His conclusion was only theoretical and not meant to be publicized.