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4000 Essential English Words 2 Unit 27: The Duke and the Minister

4000 Essential English Words 2 Unit 27: The Duke and the Minister

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Word List

  • apology [əˈpɒlədʒɪ] n.
    An apology is something someone says to show that they are sorry.
    After arguing with her teacher, the girl wrote the teacher an apology.
  • bold [bould] adj.
    If someone is bold, they are not afraid of doing something.
    The bold man climbed the high mountain.
  • capture [ˈkæptʃər] v.
    To capture someone or something is to catch them.
    James tried to capture the bubbles in his hands.
  • cardinal [ˈkɑːrdənl] adj.
    If a rule or quality is cardinal, then it is the most important one.
    Raising your hand in the classroom before you speak is a cardinal
  • duke [djuːk] n.
    A duke is a man of high social rank but below a king or queen.
    The duke ruled over the land.
  • expose [ɪksˈpəʊz] v.
    To expose is to make known something that is hidden.
    He took off his shirt exposing his costume.
  • guilty [ˈgɪltɪ] adj.
    If people feel guilty, they feel bad for what they did.
    I felt guilty for taking my sister’s cookies.
  • hire [ˈhaɪər] v.
    To hire someone is to pay them money to work for you.
    We hired a man to paint our house.
  • innocent [ˈɪnəsnt] adj.
    If someone is innocent, they are not guilty of a crime.
    The judge said that the woman was innocent of the crime.
  • jail [dʒeɪl] n.
    Jail is a place where criminals go to be punished.
    The thief was caught and sent to jail for ten years.
  • minister [ˈmɪnɪstər] n.
    A minister is an important person in government with many duties.
    The minister of education controls the country’s schools.
  • ordinary [ˈɔːrdənerɪ] adj.
    If someone or something is ordinary, they are not special in any way.
    Today was just an ordinary Nothing unusual happened.
  • permanent [ˈpəːrmənənt] adj.
    If something is permanent, it lasts for a long time or forever.
    We don’t know if Aunt Mildred’s visit will be a permanent
  • preserve [priˈzəːrv] v.
    To preserve is to protect something from harm.
    Dad sprayed a chemical on the house to help preserve its looks.
  • pronounce [prəˈnaʊns] v.
    To pronounce is to say the sounds of letters or words.
    Young children often have trouble pronouncing words right.
  • resemble [rɪˈzembəl] v.
    To resemble someone is to look like them.
    The baby resembles his father a great deal.
  • symptom [ˈsimptəm] n.
    A symptom of a bad condition or illness is a sign that it is happening.
    Sneezing and a high fever are symptoms of the common cold.
  • tobacco [təˈbækou] n.
    Tobacco is a plant whose leaves are smoked, such as in cigarettes.
    The tobacco in cigarettes is bad for your health.
  • twin [twɪn] n.
    Twins are two children born at the same time.
    My sister and I are twins. We look exactly the same.
  • witch [wɪtʃ] n.
    A witch is a woman with magical powers.
    People think that witches fly around on broomsticks.

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