4000 Essential English Words 3 Unit 25: How Did Greenland Get Its Name?
- circulate [ˈsəːrkjəleit] v.
To circulate something is to spread it quickly.
→ The fan helped to circulate cool air through the room.
- consequent [ˈkɒnsɪkwənt] adj.
Consequent means happening because of a different situation.
→ Her consequent rash came after she touched the poison ivy.
- derive [dɪˈraɪv] v.
To derive something from another source means to get it from that thing.
→ Red’s nickname was derived from the color of her hair.
- drown [draun] v.
To drown is to die from not being able to breathe underwater.
→ He would have drowned if the sailors would not have rescued him.
- dynasty [ˈdainəstɪ] n.
A dynasty is a series of rulers who are all from the same family.
→ The ancient Egyptians had a dynasty that lasted for many years.
- fraction [ˈfrækʃən] n.
A fraction is a small part of something.
→ Only a fraction of the cake was gone.
- frost [frɔ:st] n.
Frost is a white layer of ice that forms during very cold weather.
→ In the morning, the trees were all covered with frost.
- illusion [ɪˈluːʒən] n.
An illusion is something that looks real, but doesn’t actually exist.
→ Some pictures create an illusion for the eyes.
- invade [ɪnˈveɪd] v.
To invade is to take over a place by force.
→ The enemy forces tried to invade our country through the air.
- lieutenant [luːˈtenənt] n.
A lieutenant is a rank in the military or police, or a person with that rank.
→ The lieutenant was a good leader, and his soldiers respected him.
- marine [məˈriːn] adj.
The word marine describes something related to the sea.
→ A healthy ocean is full of marine animals.
- merit [ˈmerɪt] n.
The merit of something or someone is their good qualities.
→ The actor received an award for his merits in the movie.
- navy [ˈneɪvɪ] n.
A navy is the part of a country’s military that fights at sea.
→ My country is known for our strong navy.
- polar [ˈpoulər] adj.
Polar relates to the cold places on Earth’s north and south ends.
→ Only a few people live in the Earth’s northern polar region.
- ray [reɪ] n.
A ray is a line of light that comes from a bright object.
→ The sun’s warm rays covered the beach.
- resign [rɪˈzaɪn] v.
To resign means to quit a job.
→ After I officially resigned from work, I said goodbye to my boss.
- suicide [ˈsuːəsaid] n.
Suicide is the act of killing oneself.
→ Some people feel so sad that they think suicide is the only answer.
- tremble [ˈtrembəl] v.
To tremble is to shake as a result of cold weather.
→ Harry was not used to the cold, so he trembled most of the day.
- underlying [ˈʌndərlaɪɪŋ] adj.
When something is underlying, it is a hidden cause of something else.
→ Her underlying fear of flying reduced her traveling options.
- via [vi:ə] prep.
To travel via something means to travel through or using something.
→ We arrived in the city from the airport via the train.