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4000 Essential English Words 4 Unit 21: The Teller and the Thieves

4000 Essential English Words 4 Unit 21: The Teller and the Thieves

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Word List

  • background [ˈbækgraund] n. 

background is a person’s education, family, and experience.

 The new teacher had a background in science and math.

  • bait [beit] n. 

Bait is something used to trick a person or thing to do something.

 The best bait for catching fish is a big, fat worm.

  • chronicle [ˈkrɒnikl] v. 

To chronicle something means to record an event or speech.

 The daily newspaper chronicles local and world events.

  • copper [ˈkɒpər] n. 

Copper is a red-brown metal often used in electric wire and pipes.

 Ancient hunters melted copper to make knives and spears.

  • disease [diˈziːz] n. 

disease is an illness that causes specific problems.

 He had a disease that caused him to lose his hearing.

  • folklore [ˈfouklɔːr] n. 

Folklore is the collection of beliefs and stories of a culture.

 India’s folklore has stories written in long poems about great warriors.

  • infect [inˈfekt] v. 

To infect someone means to give them an illness.

 The common cold infects hundreds of millions of people each year.

  • itch [itʃ] v. 

To itch means to rub the skin with your fingernails.

 The rough fabric in his shirt made the back of his neck itch.

  • literature [ˈlitərətʃər] n. 

Literature is books, plays, and poetry.

 Early American literature covers the poetry and stories from 1500 to 1800.

  • millennium [miˈleniəm] n. 

millennium is one thousand years.

 Stonehenge is believed to have been built about 5 millenniums ago.

  • myth [miθ] n. 

myth is a traditional story that explains a culture’s history and beliefs.

 In Greece, there was a myth about a woman who had snakes for hair.

  • relate [riˈleit] v. 

To relate to something means to have a connection with it.

 A company’s plan usually relates to how much profit it can make.

  • religion [riˈlidʒən] n. 

religion is a belief in a god or gods.

 Their religion taught that people should forgive their enemies.

  • sum [sʌm] n. 

sum is a specific amount of money.

 He calculated the numbers to see what the sum of his bills would be.

  • teller [ˈtelə:r] n. 

teller is a person who works with a bank’s customers.

 The teller at the bank helped Kelly put money into a savings account.

  • trustworthy [ˈtrʌstˌwəːrði] adj. 

If someone is trustworthy, they are honest and truthful.

 Mary is one of the most trustworthy people I’ve ever met.

  • update [ʌpˈdeit] v. 

To update something means to make it more modern.

 We need to update the programs on our computers.

  • vein [vein] n. 

vein is a tube in the body that carries blood toward the heart.

 The blue veins in my hand are just under my skin.

  • venom [ˈvenəm] n. 

Venom is a poisonous substance that comes from animals or plants.

 A snake’s venom can be used to cure the illnesses it creates.

  • promote [prəˈmout] v. 

To promote someone means to raise them to a higher position or rank.

 After two years in the company, she was promoted to a manager.

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