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4000 Essential English Words 4 Unit 19: Isaac’s First Plane Trip

4000 Essential English Words 4 Unit 19: Isaac’s First Plane Trip

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Word List

  • afflicted [əˈfliktid] adj. 

Afflicted means to suffer physically or mentally.

 He was afflicted by pain in his right arm.

  • aisle [ail] n. 

An aisle is a space between two things that people use to walk.

 They were told to clear the aisle because the plane was about to land.

  • atmosphere [ˈætməsfiər] n. 

The atmosphere is the air around the Earth where weather conditions form.

 Scientists worry that harmful substances are hurting the atmosphere.

  • author [ˈɔːθər] n. 

An author is a person who wrote a certain piece of writing.

 The author was hard at work on his next novel.

  • breakdown [ˈbreɪkdaun] n. 

breakdown is a failure to work correctly.

 Her car had a breakdown, and she wasn’t sure how to fix it.

  • cargo [ˈkɑːrgəu] n. 

Cargo is the items carried by a ship or airplane.

 The cargo of the ship got wet when it started raining.

  • chapter [ˈtʃæptər] n. 

chapter is a part of a book that usually has a number or a title.

 The first chapter of a book usually introduces the main character of a story.

  • connect [kəˈnekt] v. 

To connect two things means to join them together.

 I connected the mouse to my laptop computer.

  • etc. [etsetərə] n. 

Etc. is short for “etcetera.” It is used to refer to other unspecified objects.

 She was going to bring treats to the party: cookies, muffins, cake, etc.

  • flip [flip] v. 

To flip means to press a switch quickly to turn it on or off.

 To turn on the lights, just flip this switch.

  • idle [ˈaidl] adj. 

If you are idle, you are not doing anything.

 She read a book to keep from being idle.

  • notify [ˈnoutəfai] v. 

To notify someone of something is to tell them about it.

 The teacher notified us about a change to our assignment.

  • pea [pi:] n. 

Peas are a vegetable that is small, round and green.

 His favorite food was peas.

  • raisin [ˈreizən] n. 

raisin is a dried grape.

 Raisins are one of my favorite snacks.

  • retain [riˈtein] v. 

To retain something is to keep it.

 Even by the afternoon, the day had retained the morning’s freshness.

  • state [steit] v. 

To state something means to say it in a definite way.

 The president stated his opinion about the world’s health concerns.

  • tray [trei] n. 

tray is a flat plate used to hold food.

 The waiter brought our food on a tray.

  • unfortunate [ʌnˈfɔːrtʃənɪt] adj. 

If something is unfortunate, it is bad or unlucky.

 It was unfortunate that Dave’s team lost, but he still had fun.

  • vivid [vivid] adj. 

When something is vivid, it is bright and colorful.

 The figures in the painting were vivid.

  • vomit [ˈvɒmit] v. 

To vomit means to have food come up from one’s stomach.

 It is common for women to vomit when they are pregnant.

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