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4000 Essential English Words 4 Unit 16: Gwen’s New Friends

4000 Essential English Words 4 Unit 16: Gwen’s New Friends

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Word List

  • altogether [ˌɔːltəˈgeðər] adv. 

If something happens altogether, it happens completely.

 The company stopped using sugar altogether in its food.

  • bind [baind] v. 

To bind is to bring people together.

 The victims of the flood were bound by their need to help each other.

  • bruise [bruːz] n. 

bruise is a dark mark caused by being hit by something.

 She got a bruise on her knee from falling down.

  • custom [ˈkʌstəm] n. 

custom is a way of doing things that has been the same for a long time.

 It is a custom that the bride and groom have the first dance.

  • disobedient [ˌdisəˈbiːdiənt] adj. 

When someone is disobedient, they do not follow the rules or instructions.

 The disobedient children didn’t listen to their mother and had an accident.

  • foresee [fɔːrsiː] v. 

To foresee something is to know about it before it happens.

 The teacher didn’t foresee any problems with her large class.

  • glimpse [glimps] v. 

To glimpse something is to see it for a short time.

 She glimpsed outside the window as the plane was about to land.

  • hoop [huːp] n. 

hoop is a ring that is made of plastic, metal, or wood.

 The boys tried to toss the ball through the basketball hoop.

  • misfortune [misˈfɔːrtʃən] n. 

Misfortune is bad luck or an unlucky event.

 His family helped him when he encountered misfortune.

  • negative [ˈnegətiv] adj. 

When something is negative, it is unpleasant or sad.

 She doesn’t like to say negative things about her friends.

  • per [pər] prep. 

Per is used to mean “each” when giving a price, size, or amount.

 It costs $8 per person to watch the baseball game.

  • plead [pliːd] v. 

To plead is to ask for something you want very badly.

 He pleaded for his parents to let him go to the soccer game.

  • rip [rip] v. 

To rip something means to pull it apart.

 She ripped the paper in half by accident.

  • sake [seik] n. 

The sake of something is the reason for doing it.

 The parents worked hard for their children’s sake.

  • scrape [skreip] v. 

To scrape something is to rub it very hard with something sharp.

 I accidentally scraped the paint off the side of the car.

  • source [sɔːrs] n. 

source of something is the place that it comes from.

 The river was the source of drinking water for the village.

  • stern [stəːrn] adj. 

When somebody is stern, they are very serious.

 The stern teacher didn’t allow the students to speak during class.

  • stitch [stitʃ] v. 

To stitch is to use a needle and thread to join pieces of cloth together.

 My grandmother stitched the pieces together to make a big blanket.

  • thump [θʌmp] n. 

thump is the sound of a heavy object falling.

 They heard the thump when the bowling ball hit the floor.

  • vehement [ˈviːəmənt] adj. 

When somebody is vehement, they are angry and emotional.

 Gina was vehement when she found out that Liz was bad in school.

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