Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 12 Vocabulary Test
- benefit (adv. beneficially; adj. beneficial; n. benefit; n. beneficiary)
- to be useful or helpful
Use of solar power will benefit all mankind.
It is extremely beneficial to prepare for a test.
- blind (adv. blindly; n. blindness)
adj. unable to see or understand; to conceal; showing poor judgment or understanding
They were blind to the fact that they had little chance to succeed.
He went into the job blindly, with no previous experience.
- broaden (adv. broadly; adj. broad; n. breadth)
- to make larger or greater
Education will broaden your opportunities to land a good job.
The breadth of his knowledge is impressive.
- burgeon (adj. burgeoning)
- growing at a fast pace
His talent as a pianist burgeoned at the age of 14.
The burgeoning population of major cities is creating a demand for more services.
- carry out
- to perform a task, often for someone else
The boss required her team to carry out their plan.
The prime minister asked for his order to be carried out immediately.
- conspicuously (adj. conspicuous)
adv. attracting attention
His name was conspicuously absent from the list of winners.
The attorneys were conspicuous for their aggressive manner in the courtroom.
- deficient (adv. deficiently; n. deficiency)
adj. not having enough of something
A diet deficient in calcium can lead to bad health.
There is a deficiency of qualified engineers in the country.
- eloquent (adv. eloquently; n. eloquence)
adj. expressing clearly, effectively, and convincingly
syn. articulate ( adj.)
Successful politicians are usually eloquent speakers.
That student’s essay is eloquently written.
- endorse (n. endorsement)
- to express approval
The union endorsed the new contract.
The president’s endorsement of the project guaranteed its funding.
- enormous (adv. enormously; n. enormity)
adj. very large
His enormous wealth allows him to contribute to many charities.
A diet with many fruits and vegetables is enormously beneficial to the body.
- entirely (adj. entire; n. entirety)
The economist was entirely right in his analysis.
The president released the speech in its entirety before the news conference.
- erode (n. erosion)
- to wear away; disappear slowly
The senator’s support is eroding because of his unpopular positions on the major issues.
It took millions of years of erosion for nature to form the Grand Canyon.
- evaporate (n. evaporation)
- to vanish
The chances of the two sides reaching an agreement have evaporated.
The evaporation of the funds was unexplainable.
- recover (adj. recovered; adj. recoverable; n. recovery)
- to get back; to have something returned
The NASA team was unable to recover the space capsule.
The recovered objects had not been damaged.
- reportedly (adj. reported; v. report; n. report)
adv. to know by report; unconfirmed; supposedly
The students reportedly sent a representative, but she has not yet arrived.
The reported tornado has not been confirmed.
- shift (adj. shifting; v. shift; adj. shifty)
- a change in position or direction
The shift in the wind was helpful to the sailors.
Earthquakes are caused by the shifting of the Earth’s crust along tectonic faults.
- susceptible (n. susceptibleness; adj. susceptibly)
adj. to be subject to influence; capable of being affected by a person or thing
When traveling in tropical climates, travelers are susceptible to malaria.
Adolescents are especially susceptible to the influence of their friends.