Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 10 Vocabulary Test
- distinct (adv. distinctly; adj. distinctive; n. distinction)
adj. clearly noticed; different
There was a distinct aroma of coffee in the restaurant.
The two theories are distinctly different from each other.
- dominant (adv. dominantly; v. dominate; n. domination)
adj. primary or principal; having or exercising control over something
The dominant life forms of the Paleozoic era lived in the water.
The skyscraper dominated the skyline.
- dormant (n. dormitory)
adj. not growing or producing; asleep
The volcano had been dormant for hundreds of years before the eruption last month.
The seniors live in the new dormitory.
- drab (adv. drably; n. drabness)
adj. lacking color; uninteresting, boring
Their clothing was quite drab.
The drabness of the desert made driving less interesting.
- dramatic (adv. dramatically; v. dramatize; n. drama)
adj. something that captures the imagination; exciting
The dramatic finish to the game left us speechless.
The hurricane dramatically changed the coastline.
- eclectic (adv. eclectically)
adj. to select or represent something chosen from many sources or places
He has an eclectic taste in music, from hard rock to classical.
The eclectic group of students came from fifteen different countries.
- elaborate (adv. elaborately; v. elaborate; n. elaboration)
adj. something with a large number of parts; full of details
An elaborate head dress indicated rank within the Aztec community.
His elaboration of the issue was quite thorough.
- exceptional (adv. exceptionally)
adj. unusual in a positive way
The orchestra’s performance was exceptional.
The North Star is exceptionally bright.
- genuine (adv. genuinely; n. genuineness)
adj. honest or true; real
She was genuinely concerned about world hunger.
This is a genuine artifact from the American Civil War.
- hazardous (adv. hazardously; n. hazard)
adj. very risky, unsafe
Handling flammable liquids is hazardous.
There are many hazards involved with starting a business.
- minuscule (adj. minute; n. minutia)
adj. of little consequence; very small
The sale of the building had a minuscule effect on the profits of the corporation.
Some leaves are covered with minute hairs.
- prime (adj. primed; adj. prime*; n. prime)
- to make ready;
*first in importance or in time
The directors primed the actors before the performance.
Mozart passed away in the prime of his life.
- rudimentary (n. rudiment)
adj. simple; not complex
He has a rudimentary knowledge of computers.
The rudiments of grammar are taught in all English classes.
- skeptical (adv. skeptically; n. skeptic)
adj. to question the truthfulness of information presented as fact; to not trust
The professor was skeptical about the theories of climate change.
To answer his skeptics, the scientist presented proof of his conclusions at the conference.
- stoic (adv. stoically; n. stoicism)
adj. showing no emotion; appearing disinterested
His stoic reaction to the event surprised his friends.
His stoicism was unusual, since he is normally an emotional boy.
- superficial (adv. superficially)
adj. simple; not deep; near the surface
The inspector determined that the crack in the bridge was only superficial.
You should not try to answer the question superficially.
- vigorous (adv. vigorously; n. vigor)
adj. powerful, full of action
His vigorous defense of the issues impressed everyone.
He approached his work with vigor.