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4000 Essential English Words 2 Unit 5: May 29,1953

4000 Essential English Words 2 Unit 5: May 29,1953

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classWord List

  • ancestor [ˈænsɛstə] n.
    An ancesto

    Unit 5: A Bet

    Word List

    • alternate [ˈɔ:ltərneit] v. 

    To alternate means to switch back and forth between two things.

     The best exercise alternates muscle and heart strengthening.

    • apologetic [əˌpɒləˈdʒetik] adj. 

    If someone is apologetic, they are sorry about something.

     The boy felt apologetic after losing his sister’s favorite toy.

    • benign [biˈnain] adj. 

    If something or someone is benign, they do not hurt anyone.

     Many spiders look scary, but most are actually benign.

    • char [tʃɑːr] v. 

    To char means to burn something so that it turns black.

     While Frank went inside to get the mustard, he accidentally charred the hotdogs.

    • clarify [ˈklærəfai] v. 

    To clarify means to make something easier to understand by explaining it.

     Drew tried to clarify all the functions of Michelle’s new computer.

    • dogged [ˈdɔ(:)gid] adj. 

    When someone’s actions are dogged, they try hard to continue something.

     Her dad bought her a new jacket after her dogged requests for one.

    • distress [disˈtres] n. 

    Distress is the feeling of being upset or worried.

     Failing a class caused the student a lot of distress.

    • ensue [inˈsuː] v. 

    To ensue means to happen after something.

     After a few minutes of lightening, thunder ensued.

    • gasp [gæsp] v. 

    To gasp means to make a noise by quickly breathing in when surprised.

     John always gasps when watching a scary movie.

    • negotiate [niˈgouʃieit] v. 

    To negotiate means to try to make an agreement through discussion.

     Mario and Joe took a long time negotiating the contract between the companies.

    • overdose [ˈouvərdous] n. 

    An overdose is an instance of taking or having too much of something.

     John’s skin was burned from an overdose of sunshine.

    • persuasion [pərˈsweiʒən] n. 

    Persuasion is the act of making someone do or believe something.

     The persuasion of his argument convinced the customer to buy the laptop.

    • relay [ˈriːlei] n. 

    relay is a race in which teams of runners or swimmers race against each other.

     Jerry was the fastest on his team, so he ran the last part of the relay.

    • reluctance [riˈlʌktəns] n. 

    Reluctance is a feeling of not wanting to do something.

     Jesse took out the trash with great reluctance.

    • restate [riːˈsteit] v. 

    To restate something means to say it again or in a different way.

     Mrs. Jones restated the test question to the class.

    • sesame [ˈsesəmi] n. 

    Sesame is an herb that is grown for its small seeds and its oil.

     I used the buns with the sesame seeds on them.

    • sip [sip] v. 

    To sip something means to drink a small amount at a time.

     Liza relaxed on the beach, sipping fruit juice through a straw.

    • verge [vəːrdʒ] n. 

    The verge is the point at which something is about to happen.

     Joan was on the verge of leaving her house when the phone rang.

    • wary [ˈwɛəri] adj. 

    If someone is wary, they are cautious or mistrusting.

     She was wary of going to school because she hadn’t done her homework.

    • waver [ˈweivə:r] v. 

    To waver is to be unable to decide between two choices.

     I wavered between eating the apple or the cake for a snack.

    r is a family member from the past.
    My ancestors came from Germany.
  • angle [æŋgl] n.
    An angle is the direction from which you look at something.
    The giraffe turned its head to see from another angle.
  • boot [buːt] n.
    A boot is a heavy shoe that goes over your ankle.
    He wore boots so that his feet wouldn’t get wet.
  • border [ˈbɔːrdər] n.
    A border is the edge of an area.
    The postcard had a pretty green border of pine needles.
  • congratulate [kənˈgrætʃəleɪt] v.
    To congratulate someone is to tell them that you are happy for them.
    Bill and Angela congratulated each other on a job well done.
  • frame [freɪm] n.
    A frame is a border for a picture or mirror.
    I have to get a frame for my friend’s picture.
  • heaven [ˈhɛvən] n.
    Heaven is the place that some people believe people go when they die.
    When I die, I hope that I go to heaven.
  • incredible [ɪnˈkredəbl] adj.
    If someone or something is incredible, it is hard to believe they are true.
    I have an incredible story to tell you about my vacation.
  • legend [ˈledʒənd] n.
    A legend is a story from the past.
    There is a well-known legend about a king and his queen.
  • praise [preɪz] v.
    To praise is to show that you like someone or something.
    The coach praised both athletes after a good practice.
  • proceed [prəˈsiːd] v.
    To proceed is to go in a certain direction.
    My son and I proceeded to the beach so we could go fishing.
  • pure [pjʊər] adj.
    If something is pure, it is very clear and beautiful.
    The rose was pure. It had no dirt or imperfections.
  • relative [ˈrelətɪv] n.
    A relative is a family member.
    My relatives came by to see the new baby.
  • senior [ˈsiːnjər] adj.
    If one is senior, they are the oldest or have been there the longest.
    Because he got his job first, Bob is the senior
  • silent [ˈsaɪlənt] adj.
    If someone or something is silent, they make no sound.
    Since no one was home, the house was silent.
  • sink [sɪŋk] v.
    To sink into something is to slowly fall into it.
    The boat had a hole in it, and it sank into the ocean.
  • superior [səˈpɪəriər] adj.
    If someone or something is superior, they are better than another.
    I think cooking outdoors is superior to cooking indoors.
  • surround [səˈraʊnd] v.
    To surround something is to close in on it from all sides.
    We surrounded the suspect on all four sides.
  • thick [θɪk] adj.
    If something is thick, it is wide and solid.
    The fog was so thick that I couldn’t see through it.
  • wrap [ræp] v.
    To wrap is to cover something on all sides.
    I wrapped his gift and put a bow on it.

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